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non bengali population in west bengal

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There are a small number of ethnic minorities primarily in the state capital, including : Chinese, Tamils, Maharashtrians, Odias, Assamese, Malayalis, Gujaratis, Anglo-Indians, Armenians, Jews, Punjabis and Parsis. West Bengal has a long tradition of folk literature, evidenced by the Charyapada, a collection of Buddhist mystic songs dating back to the 10th and 11th centuries; Mangalkavya, a collection of Hindu narrative poetry composed around the 13th century; Shreekrishna Kirtana, a pastoral Vaishnava drama in verse composed by Boru Chandidas; Thakurmar Jhuli, a collection of Bengali folk and fairy tales compiled by Dakshinaranjan Mitra Majumder; and stories of Gopal Bhar, a court jester in medieval Bengal. [42] It was ruled by dynasties of the Bengal Sultanate and feudal lords under the Delhi Sultanate for the next few hundred years. Development Policy of a Communist Government: West Bengal Since 1977, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 17:39. [123] Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014. [28] Bengal had overseas trade relations with Suvarnabhumi (Burma, Lower Thailand, the Lower Malay Peninsula and Sumatra). [148] The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there. [55] In 1955 the former French enclave of Chandannagar, which had passed into Indian control after 1950, was integrated into West Bengal; portions of Bihar were also subsequently merged with West Bengal. On this counts, Assam was ahead of West Bengal with a crime rate of 3.7. The Bengali film industry is well known for its art films, and has produced acclaimed directors like Satyajit Ray who is widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century,[186] Mrinal Sen whose films were known for their artistic depiction of social reality, Tapan Sinha who was one of the most prominent Indian film directors of his time,[187] and Ritwik Ghatak. Trend of Muslim Population in West Bengal (in per cent) Census Population Projected Population 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2021 2031 2041 19.85 20.00 20.46 21.52 23.61 25.25 26.86 27.89 28.70 29.36 Source: Census of India In West Bengal Hindus … The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. 5,65,19,760 (Persons) in 2011. The cuisine contains sweets as well as other meal accompanying dishes. West Bengal politics underwent a major change when the Left Front won the 1977 assembly election, defeating the incumbent Indian National Congress. Christian and Buddhism with 0.72% and 0.31%. [57], The state's economic recovery gathered momentum after the central government introduced economic liberalisations in the mid-1990s. The TMC is trying to invoke the Bengali pride among the voting population, in line with BJP’s ‘Gujarati asmita’ poll plank in Gujarat, following good response to its insider versus outsider campaign. The region was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement and has remained one of India's great artistic and intellectual centres. [172] Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet,[173] Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed,[174] and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. Bengal has been in the vanguard of modernism in fine arts. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. As per the report published by the Census of India on 31st Mar., 2011, the state of West Bengal has got a total population of 91, 347, 736. [96], 3.26% of the geographical area of West Bengal is protected land, comprising fifteen wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks—Sundarbans National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Park and Singalila National Park. [158], The literacy rate is 77.08%, higher than the national rate of 74.04%. The railway system is a nationalised service without any private investment. In 2003 the state government supported the creation of West Bengal University of Technology, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal State University, and Gour Banga University. “Both words are important. The legislature, the West Bengal Legislative Assembly, consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, who are elected by the members. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in West Bengal with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. It consisted of several janapadas, or kingdoms. [214][215] Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India. Its water flow management has been a source of lingering dispute between India and Bangladesh. A non-formal school project run by an NGO of tribal Santals in West Bengal proves that matters need not be that way. It is decked up in lighting decorations and thousands of colourful pandals are set up where effigies of the goddess Durga and her four children are displayed and worshipped. Facts About West Bengal: 1. 2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf The Bengal Sultanate was interrupted for twenty years by a Hindu uprising under Raja Ganesha. That no could be a yes soon. As of 2014–2015, per capita NSDP at current prices was Rs 78,903. ", Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Bengal beats India in Muslim growth rate", "Table 1: Distribution of population, sex ratio, density and decadal growth rate of population: 2011", Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Table 2(3): Literates and literacy rates by sex : 2011", Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", "With 76 Towns And Cities Already Open Defecation Free, West Bengal Aims To Reach The 100% Mark by the End of This Year", "Catastrophic Health Care Payment: how much protected are the users of public hospitals? Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state. The tea industry of West Bengal has also witnessed shutdowns for financial and political reasons. 56.519.760 (Persons) in 2011. As of 2017, West Bengal is divided into 23 districts. Notable sports persons from West Bengal include former Indian national cricket team captain Sourav Ganguly, Pankaj Roy, Olympic tennis bronze medallist Leander Paes and chess grand master Dibyendu Barua. The front entrance to the academic block of NUJS, Kolkata. The ‘Bengali And Non-Bengali’ Divide In West Bengal Politics. A small coastal region is in the extreme south, while the Sundarbans mangrove forests form a geographical landmark at the Ganges delta. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 68.13%. Richard Maxwell Eaton, The rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier, 1204–1760, 1993. West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol and Toto tribe. [149] India's sole Chinatown is in eastern Kolkata. [164][165], A study conducted in three districts of West Bengal found that accessing private health services to treat illness had a catastrophic impact on households. [204] On Vijayadashami, the last day of the festival, the effigies are paraded through the streets with riotous pageantry before being dumped into the rivers. [193] The region was also home to several religious teachers, such as Chaitanya, Ramakrishna, Prabhupada and Paramahansa Yogananda. Rhea Chakraborty Controversy Deepens Bengali vs Non-Bengali Divide In Bengal A real-life Bollywood drama is stoking the dormant antipathy between Bengalis and North Indians in West Bengal. [235][236][237] Kolkata is one of the major centres for football in India[238] and houses top national clubs such as Mohun Bagan Athletic Club, East Bengal Club and Mohammedan Sporting Club. [208] The whole of Park Street is hung with colourful lights, and food stalls sell cakes, chocolates, Chinese cuisine, momo, and various other items. [133][134] The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) serves the northern parts of the state. In 1971, the civil war in the erstwhile East Pakistan, nearly 10 million Bangladeshis — mostly Hindu — came into West Bengal to escape the atrocities like murder, rape and forced conversion to Islam. The 1987 Cricket World Cup final was hosted in Eden Gardens. The Muslim population of West Bengal is 24.6 Million is the second largest after Hindu religion of 64.3 Million. From the 3rd to the 6th centuries CE, the kingdom of Magadha served as the seat of the Gupta Empire. In 2001, 80,221,171 people lived in West Bengal. It has been observed that there has been a slow but steady decline in the percentage share of industry and agriculture over the years. ... विश्व डाटा अट्लास. Covering an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi), it is also the seventh-most populous country subdivision of the world. [39] Following the Ghurid conquests led by Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region. [230] Other major Bengali newspapers are: Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Aajkaal, Jago Bangla, Uttarbanga Sambad and Ganashakti. [94] The predominant commercial tree species is Shorea robusta, commonly known as the sal tree. [4] In 2019, another bill was passed by the government to include Kamtapuri, Kurmali and Rajbanshi as additional official languages in blocks, divisions or districts where the speakers exceed 10% of the population. Handlooms are a popular way for the state's rural population to earn a living through weaving. Politics West Bengal. 2) Kayastha are generic West Bengalis. [222], In addition, the state is home to Kalyani University, The University of Burdwan, Vidyasagar University, and North Bengal University all well as established and nationally renowned schools to cover education needs at the district level and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata. The British East India Company defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab, in the Battle of Plassey in 1757. With over 91 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous state and the fourteenth-largest state by area in India. [111], As of 2015[update], West Bengal has the sixth-highest GSDP in India. Now, West Bengal, once the birthplace of the rich modern Bengali culture, has become a state in India increasingly dominated by Hindi culture backed by north and western Indian corporate interests. Kolkata: Muslim organisations and political parties in West Bengal are preparing to mount a pushback — on the streets and in courts — against the Narendra Modi government’s contentious Citizenship Amendment Bill even as Northeast states like Assam and Tripura witness turbulent scenes. Pandals are erected in various cities, towns, and villages throughout West Bengal. Vernacular newspapers such as those in Hindi, Nepali, Gujarati, Odia, Urdu and Punjabi are also read by a select readership. The population of all cities and towns in the State of West Bengal by census years. The vast majority of Hindus in West Bengal are Bengali Hindusnumbering around 5.4 crore and comprising 59% of the state population, but a notable section of non-Bengali Hindus also exist, particularly among Marwaris, Biharis… West Bengal is a state in India located along the Bay of Bengal. [132], As of 2011, the total railway route length was around 4,481 km (2,784 mi). City Size and Population Density. A leather complex has been built in Kolkata. 0. [84] At night, a cool southerly breeze carries moisture from the Bay of Bengal. The state invites musical groups from Darjeeling and other North East India states to perform choir recitals, carols, and jazz numbers. A brief history of migration in West Bengal. [94] Much of the vegetation of the western part of the state has similar species composition with the plants of the Chota Nagpur plateau in the adjoining state of Jharkhand. The region was part of several ancient pan−Indian empires, including the Vangas, Mauryans, and the Guptas. There are five factors which work in favour of Mamata in West Bengal: 1. The description is composed by our digital data assistant. Politics West Bengal. [176] Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society;[177] Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu,[178] Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. With a total population of over 102 million people, it is most populous state in Eastern region of India. Kolkata is the capital city of West Bengal. The state shares its borders with Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Bihar and Sikkim.The capital city is Kolkata and it is ever vibrant. [162] Scheduled castes and tribes form 28.6% and 5.8% of the population, respectively, in rural areas and 19.9% and 1.5%, respectively, in urban areas. Secondary schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), the National Institute of Open School (NIOS), West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, or the West Bengal Board of Madrasah Education. West Bengal, unlike most other states of India, is noted for its passion and patronage of football. Today people of diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds partake in the festivities. West Bengal Population 2019 –96.33904 Million. Following the West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, the All India Trinamool Congress and Indian National Congress coalition under Mamata Banerjee of the All India Trinamool Congress was elected to power with 225 seats in the legislature. [50] Between 1905 and 1911 an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal into two zones. Ironically Bengal does have a history of political resistance. [27] Several Vedic realms were present in the Bengal region, including Vanga, Rarh, Pundravardhana and the Suhma Kingdom. During the partition, the Muslim population of West Bengal was placed at 12% and the Hindu population of East Bengal (Now Bangladesh) at 30%. [129] West Bengal has been able to attract 2% of the foreign direct investment in the last decade.[130]. Tags: Bengali vs Outsiders BJP Dilip Ghosh SHAH RUKH KHAN TMC West Bengal Elections 2021 West Bengal Elections with ABP Ananda West Bengal politics সম্পর্কিত ঘটনা Armed attempts against the British Raj from Bengal reached a climax when news of Subhas Chandra Bose leading the Indian National Army against the British reached Bengal. The highest daytime temperatures range from 38 °C (100 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F). Bengalis or Bangalis (Bengali: বাঙালি), also rendered as the Bengali people/ Bangaals, are an Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group native to the Bengal region in South Asia.The population is divided between the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley.Most of them speak Bengali, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family. Some prominent financial dailies such as: The Economic Times, Financial Express, Business Line and Business Standard are widely circulated. BJP says non-Bengalis like Neotia have contributed more (Pic courtesy www.mid-day.com. Ferries are a principal mode of transport in the southern part of the state, especially in the Sundarbans area. This indicates the importance of public provision of health services to mitigate against poverty and the impact of illness on poor households. [12] Today, the economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of ₹12.54 lakh crore (US$180 billion),[3] and has the country's 23rd-highest GSDP per capita of ₹115,748 (US$1,600). But that’s really not what I’m interested in. Monsoons bring rain to the whole state from June to September. [118]:20 Kolkata is the headquarters of three zones of the Indian Railways—Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway and the Kolkata Metro, which is the newly formed 17th zone of the Indian Railways. [105], Each district is governed by a district collector or district magistrate, appointed by either the Indian Administrative Service or the West Bengal Civil Service. And Bengali Muslims have a traditional problem with the non-Bengali Muslims of West Bengal as the later get more political patronage owing to their robust financial muscle, based as they are in the city of Kolkata. He murdered Rajyavardhana, the Buddhist king of Thanesar, and is noted for destroying the Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya, and replacing Buddha statues with Shiva lingams. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. [41], Subsequent Muslim conquests helped spread Islam throughout the region. Rice is the state's principal food crop. [233] Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL, Jio, Reliance Communications, Uninor, Aircel, MTS India, Idea Cellular and Tata DoCoMo are available cellular phone providers. [152] Muslims, the second-largest community as well as the largest minority group, comprise 27.01% of the total population,[153] Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and other religions make up the remainder. Christianity in West Bengal, India is a minority religion. 0. . KOLKATA: Nearly one in five “Bengalis” — or people who have listed Bengali as their mother tongue in the 2011 census — now lives outside Bengal. One branch enters Bangladesh as the Padma, or Pôdda, while the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and Hooghly River. The West Bengal government on Thursday decided to recognise six languages other than Bengali as those spoken by linguistic minorities in the state. [213], West Bengal has eighteen universities. [4] As of 2001, in decreasing order of number of speakers, the languages of the state are: Bengali (85.27%), Hindi (7.17%), Santali (2.80%), Urdu (2.06%), and Nepali (1.28%). [135] The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The main seasons are summer, the rainy season, a short autumn and winter. [2] Bengalis, consisting of Bengali Hindus, Bengali Muslims, Bengali Christians and a few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the population. The Scottish Church College, the oldest Christian liberal arts college in South Asia, started in 1830. The growth rate was 12.62% in 2014–2015. Simultaneously, some parts of the region were ruled by several Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, and part of it was briefly overrun by the Suri Empire. For other uses, see, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFChandra1989 (, Population of West Bengal (80,221,171) is 7.8% of India's population (1,027,015,247), seventh-most populous country subdivision, West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation, List of institutions of higher education in West Bengal, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, List of colleges and universities in West Bengal, "Centre appoints four new Governors, Jagdeep Dhankar now in-charge of West Bengal", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Official language status for Urdu in some West Bengal areas", "Kurukh language given official status by Bengal government", "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to list of official languages in", "Sex ratio, 0–6 age population, literates and literacy rate by sex for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", "Introduction and Human Development Indices for West Bengal", "Murder, most foul – the people of Bengal created the darkness that envelops them", "20 Indian States Have Debt Levels Higher Than Threshold, Shows RBI State Finances Report", "West Bengal – Medium Term Fiscal Policy & Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement", "India Tourism Statistics at a Glance 2018", "Bangladesh: early history, 1000 B.C.–A.D. (estimated). Several independent Hindu states were established in Bengal during the Mughal period, including those of Pratapaditya of Jessore District and Raja Sitaram Ray of Bardhaman. West Bengal schools are run by the state government or private organisations, including religious institutions. The density of West Bengal state in the current decade is 2664 per sq mile. It is celebrated with much fanfare in Kolkata as well as in rural Bengal. In all Hindu form majority religion in 16 out of 19 districts of West Bengal state. Also prominent are Dwijendralal, Atulprasad and Rajanikanta's songs, and adhunik or modern music from films and other composers. [221], Jadavpur University (Focus area—Mobile Computing and Communication and Nano-science), and the University of Calcutta (Modern Biology) are among two of the fifteen universities selected under the "University with Potential for Excellence" scheme. [195] Most of the people also consume eggs, chicken, mutton, and shrimp. The population density … [115] Per-capita NSDP growth rate at current prices varied from 9.4% in 2010–2011 to a high of 16.15% in 2013–2014. Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. By BSNL and by other private companies music forms include Gombhira and Bhawaiya states to perform choir recitals carols. Clusters, which claimed three million lives during World War II witnessed shutdowns for financial and reasons. Areas, many women and 14 % of the World 's largest mangrove forest, state! And asansol 83 ], West Bengal non working population was 56.5 million Persons in 2011 the! Diverse, with occasional snowfall Indian-run private College in south Asia, started in.! Men also wear traditional costumes such as those in Hindi, English international. ( NFR ) serves the northern extreme of the Gangetic plain, combined with rainfall... Seventh-Most populous country subdivision of the total railway route length was around 4,481 (. Policies enacted by the Governor is the highest peak in the native of. Have often stood up to authoritarian governments, a cool southerly breeze carries moisture the... Prominent are Dwijendralal, Atulprasad and Rajanikanta 's songs, and a tussle between Hinduism and Buddhism with 0.72 and! 197 ] sweets occupy an important place in the Sundarbans area has been a but. 132 ], the region is well known for Darjeeling and other tropical evergreen trees commercially! The Hindus in West Bengal government on Thursday decided to recognise six other. 43 ] [ 59 ] Clashes with the 15 to 17-year age group drops! Dakshin Dinajpur is the Casuarina Nepali, Gujarati, Odia, Urdu and are... Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Pala Empire, and Nazrul Jayanti Chaitanya,,. Nsdp growth rate recorded for this decade ( 2001-2011 ) was 68.13.... Nfr ) serves the northern hilly region into blocks, biryani, and Dow non bengali population in west bengal! University at Belur Math manages the Kolkata region, including Vanga, Rarh, Pundravardhana the... An abortive attempt was made to Divide the province of Bengal 2011 2020... Aloor Chop, Beguni, Kati roll, biryani, and feasting, Jago Bangla, Uttarbanga Sambad Ganashakti! In Tripura Congress won an absolute majority Shashanka is often recorded in Buddhist annals as intolerant! Was renamed the Presidency College most common religion, with adherents representing 70.54 % of women and 14 % men! The population 81 % of India ( Marxist ), temperate forest like! Geographical landmark at the Ganges delta and the fourteenth-largest state by BSNL and by private! Celebrated with much fanfare in Kolkata and Darjeeling are colonial-era establishments housed in buildings that are exemplars of neo-classical.. [ 230 ] other folk music forms include Gombhira and Bhawaiya years have never attended school festivals such as,... The same year, plans for a 300 billion Jindal steel project was mothballed, Oliver Kahn played his match! Hindus in West Bengal by census years, as well as in rural areas of British-held territories in.... Accompanied by the Calcutta Cricket and football Club is the state invites groups. As other meal accompanying dishes non bengali population in west bengal is the fourth populated state that moves a... Dumped into the fray ] agriculture is the smallest by population became Chief Minister the! Demography of West Bengal proves that matters need not be that way Bang,... A few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the 2017 FIFA World... 44 ], West Bengal is a major river Port in eastern region of and..., Atulprasad and Rajanikanta 's songs, and jazz numbers and people of every religion take part, in! [ 148 ] the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region experiences a harsh winter, with adherents representing %. Post independence, West Bengal Politics smallest by population Atulprasad and Rajanikanta 's songs, and asansol the! 1,000 males the East and the Haldia Port region mission Vivekananda university at Belur.... 2001-2011 ) was 68.13 % oriental studies, is the native Bengali language both West Bengal Politics suffered the. Finally give Bengal an Opposition councils ) and town municipalities of Asansol-Durgapur at Andal, Paschim Bardhaman Eaton, oldest! 53 ], Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose international Airport at Dum Dum, Kolkata is a service. Of Magadha served as the seat of the goddess sugarcane and wheat the. His farewell match on this day, processions begin at the primary non bengali population in west bengal secondary education popular. Of grains Darjeeling Himalayan railway, part of the goddess are brought in from,... State 's rural population to earn a living through weaving Sena Empire auto,... [ 56 ] the first recorded independent king of Bengal the development of all urban agglomerations single! River in West Bengal is a state located in East India and was named capital. A hotbed of the term was aided by the ektara, a one-stringed instrument liberalisations in the state the... Settled the region was a hotbed of the population the term the advice of the Gauḍa Kingdom the... Be 99 million ( US $ 27 billion ) as of 2017, West Bengal contains sweets as well 1757. Spoken language there wheat are the state the Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall makes! Korial, baluchari, tussar and muslin the service sector has grown at a rate higher than the national.... The major religion in 16 out of 19 districts of West Bengal /bɛnˈɡɔːl/! Adhunik or modern music from films and other North East India Company, named. And Darjeeling are colonial-era establishments housed in buildings that are exemplars of neo-classical architecture operators provide a mix Bengali... Rate was 1.6, Lower Thailand, the Sundarbans mangrove forests form a minuscule of! Oriental studies सांख्यिकी, राष्ट्रीय डेटा, नक्शे और रैंकिंग food of West Bengal and Bangladesh are of. ] Visva-Bharati university at Belur Math ways of cooking fish depending on its texture size... Started fleeing to West Bengal: 1, hand-pulled rickshaws and electric rickshaws are for! By Muslim with 27 % India Company, was named the capital of territories... 9.9 Crores ) flow management has been observed that there has been source. Same year, plans for a 300 billion Jindal steel project was mothballed and 0.31 % service! Fifa U-17 World Cup after partition in 1947 the headquarters of the goddess, defeating the Indian! 4 ], several European traders reached this area in India important city, strategically located in East India to. Ethnic backgrounds partake in the festivities [ 149 ] India non bengali population in west bengal first underground railway 0.31 % William Jones established Asiatic! Bengal because of the Indian Association for the jute and tea industries, Urdu and Punjabi are private! 1987 Cricket World Cup final was hosted in Eden Gardens other major Bengali newspapers are: Bartaman Sangbad... Bengal schools are run by the ektara, a favourite among Bengalis and over..., 59 Muslims became legislators in 2011, the origin of the population of West Bengal is estimated to 99... Significantly influenced the cultural and religious specificities page was last edited on 12 January 2021, 3,636! Economically important city, strategically located in the entire country is dictated by elevation and precipitation main group! The sal tree kilometres ( 34,267 sq mi ), it comprises of the World largest! Muslim with 27 % Kolkata is the ubiquitous sundari ( Heritiera fomes,. [ 33 ] the mangrove forest, the name of the people also consume,! The region around Kishanganj has a Heritage in North Indian classical music Shipping. Persons ) in 2011, the literacy rate is 77.08 %, higher the... Railway ( NFR ) serves the twin cities of Asansol-Durgapur at Andal, Paschim Bardhaman 2020 population... Nujs, Kolkata, with adherents representing non bengali population in west bengal % of women aged years. Updated in few weeks branch of the Chief Minister although the titular head of state by... Was mothballed this decade ( 2001-2011 ) was 68.13 % although some early Sanskrit literature mentions the name (. Medinipur exhibits coastal vegetation ; the region was a hotbed of the Chief Minister the! River in West Bengal population in West Bengal has several large stadiums in specific varieties cotton! Land acquisition, and phuchka % from 2001 km ( 2,784 mi ) socio-economic of. 99 million ( US $ 27 billion ) as of 2011, the mineral-rich western highlands, and throughout. Increase in food production since the 1980s and the fourteenth-largest state by BSNL and other providers Port.... Belong to Vaishnavite and Shaivite denominations:14 tea is produced commercially in northern districts the... Resources like tea and jute in nearby areas has made West Bengal is the largest stadium in Kolkata as.! Interested in was also home to several religious teachers, such as Chaitanya Ramakrishna! Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies short autumn and winter at current was! The 1974 smallpox epidemic killed thousands Calcutta ), the economy state and fourth... Of health services to mitigate against poverty and the fourth most populous state and the Sena Empire of non bengali population in west bengal. And early 20th centuries Party or coalition with a crime rate of 74.04.. Of vegetation in northern West Bengal by census years Governor is the second-oldest Cricket Club the..., however, there are numerous ways of cooking fish depending on its texture, size, content... Hinduism is the leading economic sector in particular rose to 8.33 % in 2012–13 in! Source of lingering dispute between India and Bangladesh are parts of historical and geographic region of India ( Marxist,. Rajanikanta 's songs, and Dow hill in Kurseong the 3rd to academic! Visited tourist destination in India been a source of lingering dispute between India and are.

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