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43rd wessex reconnaissance regiment

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During the period when invasion was most threatened, the division was stationed just north of London. Then, while 129th Brigade formed a secure south-west flank, 130th Brigade and Churchill Crocodile flamethrowing tanks from 79th Armoured Division were to advance from Château de Fontaine to capture Eterville and Maltot and the high ground to the south-east. 1st Worcesters failed to get over the broken road bridge into the village of Vernonnet, which was strongly held. Some of the assault infantry rode in the DUKW amphibious trucks that were to carry them over the river. In the Arctic Barents Sea most of the ships in PQ-17 , a British supply convoy to the Soviet Union, were sunk by Luftwaffe planes and U-boats (one of the Allies worst Naval … Two battalions of 214th Brigade had already been drawn into the fighting around Chateau de Fontaine, leaving 5th DCLI as the last uncommitted battalion. In May 1940 it was preparing to go overseas to join the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in France, but the German invasion of the Low Countries on 10 May ended the 'Phoney War' before the division was ready. The first elements moved up to Brussels to protect headquarters and carry out engineering works, then the division concentrated at Diest to take part in Operation Market Garden, beginning on 17 September. The 43rd Indian Armoured Division was an armoured division of the Indian Army during World War II. The advance up the only road ('Club Route') was slow but on 21 September 43rd (Wessex) Division caught up with the Guards at Nijmegen. [17][44][45][46], The division's first major offensive action of its own was Operation Jupiter, to take Hill 112, which had been briefly captured by British armour during 'Epsom' but had to be abandoned. A second Class 40 named 'Saul' was built by 15th (Kent) GHQRE. The 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment) (43 Recce) was a regiment of the British Army's Reconnaissance Corps, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps, during World War II. It fought in North West Europe in 1944–45. [3][4] On 6 June 1942 all reconnaissance battalions were redesignated regiments, and on 1 January 1944 the Reconnaissance Corps became part of the Royal Armoured Corps. The division rested and received reinforcements (many of them experienced men drafted from the disbanded 59th (Staffordshire) Division). [17] Throughout the North West Europe Campaign the 43rd (Wessex) Division, like so many other Allied divisions that fought from Normandy to Germany, had suffered very heavy casualties with the majority of them, 80% in some units, being suffered by the average Tommy in the infantry battalions. [16][17][18], The TA was mobilised on the outbreak of war in September 1939 and the division began training in its home area. For this operation it was assisted by the bridging specialists of 15th (Kent) GHQ Troops Royal Engineers, a medium artillery regiment and the Cromwell tanks of 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars, the armoured reconnaissance regiment of 11th Armoured Division. Christopherson, Stanley (James Holland, ed. [25], The whole of 43rd Division played a major part in 'Garden', the ground part of Operation Market Garden, the failed attempt to seize river crossings up to the Lower Rhine (Nederrijn) at Arnhem via a 'carpet' of airborne troops (September 1944). Hello all, I have a long term research project looking at the history of the 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment in WW2. The 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment) (43 Recce) was a regiment of the British Army's Reconnaissance Corps, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps, during World War II. Formerly part of 43 Wessex Brigade 43 Wessex Signal Regiment was a Territorial Army TA unit of the British Army s Royal Corps of Signals from 1920. Those known to have served with . [111] Nevertheless, Maj-Gen Thomas replaced the commanding officer of 43rd Recce immediately after the battle. The first convoy, Group One, consisted of nearly 1500 vehicles of 129th Brigade with its usual proportion of divisional artillery, engineers and support services, reinforced by 1st Worcesters. It fought in North West Europe with the 21st Army Group in … [4][13], On 24 September, at the special request of the Secretary of State for War, Earl Kitchener of Khartoum the Wessex Division accepted liability for service in British India to relieve the Regular Army units there for service on the Western Front. [13] 43 Recce was not fully up to strength until the end of July 1944. The 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment) (43 Recce) was a regiment of the British Army's Reconnaissance Corps, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps, during World War II. Critics of his training methods regarded 43rd (Wessex) Division as 'the most over-exercised in the Army'. Reformed in the TA in 1920, it served with distinction in World War II in the campaign in North West Europe from June 1944 until May 1945, suffering heavy casualties but gaining an excellent reputation and was known to the Germans as the Yellow Devils. All the brigade reconnaissance groups of each infantry corps were formed into reconnaissance battalions, each usually bearing the number of its relevant division.For example, the 43rd Battalion, Reconnaissance Corps (based on the 5th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment) was the divisional reconnaissance battalion of the 43rd (Wessex) Division. [21][122][123][124][125], 43rd (Wessex) Division was given a follow-up task in the assault crossing of the Rhine (Operation Plunder). [20], Over the next few days 43 Division's infantry were engaged in bitter fighting from Ondefontaine up onto the dominating height of Mont Pincon. This was mainly due to issues of morale because veteran formations such as the 7th Armoured and 51st (Highland), both of which had seen extensive service in North Africa and Italy (and fought poorly in Normandy, according to senior officers), were judged as tired and war-weary with morale being almost dangerously fragile. [72][73][74][75][76][77], Having taken and then defended Mont Pinçon, 43rd (Wessex) Division participated in XXX Corps' advance. However, this entailed some heavy fighting by 5th Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (DCLI) against a Panzer counter-attack at Cheux on 27 June. 43 Divisional RASC Column at British Army 1945 on. Worse still, an ammunition lorry caught fire, and oil floating on the water was set alight. Welcome to the website of the 43rd Recce Living History Group. In particular I am researching the loss of the troopship MV Derrycunihy off the Normandy coast on Saturday, 24th of June 1944. XXX Corps had 43rd Wessex and 84th US Divisions under command for this attack, which entailed breaching the Siegfried Line defences and capturing a string of fortified villages. After service in the Isle of Wight, 214th Brigade had received specialised training in combined operations under the Royal Marines at Inverary, and retained an individuality within the division. 5th (Prince of Wales's) Battalion, Devonshire Regiment, II Wessex (Howitzer) Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, Wessex (Hampshire) Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment), 94th (Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 112th (Wessex) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 141st (Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 59th (Duke of Connaught's Own) Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery, 110th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 204th (Wessex) Field Company, Royal Engineers, 207th (Wessex) Field Park Company, Royal Engineers, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, 294 (Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry) Field Regiment, 296 (Royal Devon Yeomanry) Field Regiment, 387 (Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars) Field Regiment, 383 (Duke of Connaught's Royal Hampshire) Anti-Tank Regiment, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division Signal Regiment, List of British divisions in World War II, British Army Order of Battle (September 1939). [17][38], HQ, A and C Squadrons of 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment were aboard the troopship Derrycunihy, which arrived off Sword Beach on the evening of 20 June. Next the fund acquired Wynyard's Gap near Crewkerne, Somerset. Finding the opposition in that direction stiffening, Lane Fox swung the axis of advance eastwards. I'm guessing Humbers or ... 14 Dec 2010 6:36 a.m. PST: Humber Mk IV Armoured Cars, Humber LRCs, Carriers and halftracks. Despite the shortage of artillery ammunition coming up the precarious line of communication, the whole of the divisional artillery and heavy mortars were used, but it was evening before the division got through. Support – 8th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment (Vickers machine guns et 4.2″ Mortars) – 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps. [57][58][59][60][61], The division fought its way forward during 1 August, then at 02.00 on 2 August 129th Brigade began its advance on Ondefontaine. The divisional historian records that 'While the Division faced the monotony inseparable from static defence, the Reconnaissance Regiment fought a different type of war'. [47][48][52][53][54], Overall, 43rd (Wessex) Division performed well in Normandy and was considered by many senior British officers to be one of the best divisions of the British Army during the war. 179th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery. Three of the four available DUKWs also grounded, the survivor ferrying across the rest of 5th Wiltshires in the dark. Finally, Sir Richard Onslow (formerly of the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry) presented Rough Tor on Bodmin Moor to the National Trust as a memorial. It found itself in immediate combat, but had broken through by 29 March. The 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment) (43 Recce) was a regiment of the British Army's Reconnaissance Corps, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps, during World War II. If you can provide any additional information, especially on actions and locations at specific dates, please add it here. The division's infantry battalions (without their brigade headquarters) and artillery brigades embarked at Southampton on 8 October and were convoyed to Bombay, disembarking on 9 November. I was in the 43rd Wessex Infantry Reconnaissance Corps. Further north, 5th Dorsets beat off 116th Panzer Division and 7th Hampshires had to dislodge enemy troops who fortified themselves in some brick kilns, with the help of RAF Typhoons. 48th Battalion, Reconnaissance Corps (from 20 November 1941, redesignated 43rd Battalion 1 January 1942, later 43rd Regiment 6 June 1942, finally 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps 1 January 1944) Any further attempt to take Hoven was impossible due to the waterlogged state of the country, which then had to be defended in conditions resembling the worst of the Western Front in World War I. Horrocks organised an ad hoc battalion from XXX Corps' service units to relieve Wessex infantry for rest. [17][21][28] Thomas was an effective but hard-driving commander, humourless and not universally liked, sometimes known as 'Butcher', or more jocularly by Lt-Gen Brian Horrocks and others as 'Von Thoma', after the German Lt-Gen Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma captured after the Battle of Alamein. In addition, 25 of the ship's crew (including Army gunners) died in the disaster, which represented the biggest single loss of life off the invasion beaches. It had under command the Hampshire Brigade, the South Western Brigade and the Devon and Cornwall Brigade, along with numerous other support units of the Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers and the Royal Army Medical Corps. The first memorial in England was at Castle Hill, Mere, in Wiltshire, acquired on a 199-year lease from the Duchy of Cornwall and entrusted to the Parish Council of Mere. Our Constitution states that the aims of the Group are to :-a) Further the interest of its members in the history of the 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment, the 43rd Wessex Division and the Reconnaissance … On formation, the TF contained 14 infantry divisions and 14 mounted yeomanry brigades. After extremely hard fighting we were right in Germany. [64][65] Generals Ivor Thomas and Brian Horrocks (who had just taken command of XXX Corps) were anxious to push on, and had already cancelled Operation Blackwater, designed to reach the River Noireau, because it was too risky with Mont Pinçon still in enemy hands. Thomas was a decorated officer who had served as a young battery commander in the Royal Artillery on the Western Front during World War I where he was twice wounded and awarded the Military Cross and the Distinguished Service Order. 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment, Reconnaissance Corps. The Wyvern dragon, logo of the 43rd (Wessex) Division. The aim of this group is to recreate as accurately as possible the 43rd Reconnaisance Regiment between 1944 and 1945. 389–322 Rgts RA at British Army 1945 on. 75 years ago - 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment Operation Blau, the German advance in southern Russia, continued in July 1942 with the capture of Rostov on Don, the gateway to the Caucasus oilfields. The infantry followed the Creeping barrage of smoke and High explosive shells and forced their way into the houses and gardens, using PIATs against those German tanks that had survived the barrage. Artillery – 94th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Throughout most of its existence the regiment was part of the 43rd Infantry Division; the regiment was formed on 14 October 1941 by the … The 43rd (Wessex) Division adopted the golden wyvern on a blue square as its formation sign in 1935.[158]. After passing the crest, two troops turned left along the road through the woods to Ondefontaine. Editors Note: The unit was called 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (formerly 5th battalion the Gloucester Regiment TA). 43rd (Wessex) Division was reformed in 1920 and became part of the Territorial Army, which replaced the TF. Planning was under way to renew the offensive when the Germans attacked in the Ardennes (the Battle of the Bulge) on 16 December. 5th Battalion, 43rd Infantry Division (Wessex) The 5th Battalion Wiltshire Regiment is our Primary Impression for all events that take place from June 1944 to the end of the War in 1945 within the European Theater of Operations. In the end, the dominating position fell to a surprise attack. [88][89][93][94][95], Next morning (27 August) a squadron each of 15th/19th Hussars' Cromwells and 4th/7th DGs' Shermans were rafted across and held off an armoured counter-attack, the infantry and 43rd Recce cleared the banks and pushed through the forest until they were firmly established on the heights. 43rd (Wessex) Division at Long, Long Trail. [11][12][13][14], In the days following the sinking, the survivors were formed into a composite squadron and most of 43 Recce's vehicles were landed from the beached fore part of the "Derrycunihy". By now 1st Airborne had been effectively destroyed, and the only course now was to evacuate the survivors. In the dark 260th Field Company managed to bulldoze a slipway for the DUKWs, speeding up the crossing, and 129th Brigade got about a battalion and a half across in total, setting up a perimeter along the escarpment above the bridging site. 110th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery 45th (2nd Wessex) Division at Long, Long Trail. HQ Squadron included a troop of eight 6-pounder anti-tank guns and a troop of six 3-inch mortars. It fought in North West Europe with the 21st Army Group in 1944–1945.wikipedia 5th Wiltshires secured the crossroads at La Variniere and 4th Wiltshires was due to pass through them, when at about 18.00 A Sqn 13th/18th Hussars managed to get two Troops up a steep track to the top of the hill. The supporting 17-pounder anti-tank guns were knocked out and the infantry had to stalk Panther tanks with their lighter 6-pounder anti-tank guns and hand-held PIATs. Eventualaj ŝanĝoj en la angla originalo estos kaptitaj per regulaj retradukoj. They also had storm boats in reserve but these had to be used in the first wave because launching points for DUKWs were hard to find. The order was given to withdraw and 60 survivors of 5th DCLI were brought down. [78][79][80], The breakout achieved, XXX Corps drove flat out for the River Seine (Operation Loopy), with 43rd (W) Division sent ahead to make an assault crossing at Vernon. 214th Brigade would remain with the 43rd Division for the rest of the war. [8] In the months before the Normandy Landings the regiment was based at Eastbourne on the South Coast of England and trained in the area. The group arrived at Vernon on the afternoon of 25 August, ready to begin the assault that evening against the defenders from 49th German Infantry Division. [19] The half-tracks of the squadron's assault troop were narrowly missed in this 'friendly fire' incident. 43rd (Wessex) Division was ordered to pass through the Guards the following morning and make an all-out effort to reach the Nederrijn by a side road. Bert Crane served with the The 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment). It was replaced first by 25th and later 34th Army Tank Brigade as part of an experiment with 'Mixed Divisions'. 130th Brigade led, reinforced by 4th Somerset Light Infantry and Sherman tanks of the Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry, followed by 214th Brigade and then 129th Brigade. The regiment was formed (as 48th Reconnaissance Battalion) on 14 October 1941 by the redesignation of 5th Bn Gloucestershire Regiment, a Territorial Army infantry battalion that had acted as the divisional recce battalion for 48th (South Midland) Division since July 1941. By mid-afternoon all the anti-tank guns on the hill had been knocked out, the tanks had to retire to the reverse slope, and the defence was almost over. La ĉi-suba teksto estas aÅ­tomata traduko de la artikolo 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment article en la angla Vikipedio, farita per la sistemo GramTrans on 2016-01-13 08:44:04. [116][117][118], The division then later played a comparatively small part in the mainly American Battle of the Bulge, where it was placed on the River Meuse as a reserve. Beckett claims that Territorial Army units that were in suspended animation were formally reactivated on 1 January 1947, though no personnel were assigned until commanding officers and permanent staff had been appointed in March and April 1947. The division was reformed again in the postwar TA, becoming 43rd (Wessex) Division/District in 1961 and finally being disbanded in 1967. In the period of international tension preceding the outbreak of World War II, the 1st Line TA divisions once more formed duplicates, the 43rd forming 45th Infantry Division. Throughout most of 1942, the division was part of XII Corps, serving alongside the 46th Infantry Division and 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division. "Corps of Royal Engineers, Volunteer Regiments". 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment was formed from 48th Recce Battalion in October 1941. Between 10 and 13 August the division concentrated on Salisbury Plain and began war training. Throughout most of its existence the regiment was part of the 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division. Formed as the 15th (Scottish) [Divisional] Battalion Reconnaissance Corps on 2 January 1941, it was reduced to 15th (Scottish) Independent Reconnaissance Company on 4 December 1941, redesignated 15th (Scottish) Independent Reconnaissance Squadron on 6 June 1942, and finally upgraded to 15th (Scottish) [Divisional] Regiment Reconnaissance Corps … During the night 5th Dorsets and the divisional engineers ferried a few hundred Poles across the Nederrijn in assault boats to reinforce 1st Airborne Division's shrinking perimeter. The main opposition came from mortars and booby-trapped mines. [14][15], By early 1915 the need was growing for troops to be sent to various theatres of war, and the first drafts and formed units from the 1st Wessex Division began to go on active service, particularly to the Mesopotamian Front. The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of Britain's Territorial Army (TA). 5th DCLI and B Squadron 4th/7th DG, supported by the divisional artillery and mortars, reached the top of the ridge and engaged enemy infantry and armour, while 1st Worcesters worked round the flank and took the crest. Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (2003) [1st pub. Only about a company had got across, and they were overrun during the night. Once the German Ardennes Offensive had been halted, 43rd (Wessex) Division returned to the offensive in early 1945 in Operation Blackcock to reduce the Roer Triangle, though exploitation was prevented by bad weather. 5th Battalion Dorsets and 9th Royal Tank Regiment, leading 130th Brigade against the farms on the lower ground, made quick progress, 7th Somerset Light Infantry passing through with the Churchills and Crocodiles to deal with Chateau de Fontaine. In the first phase 129th Brigade on the right, with all three battalions in line, and 130th Brigade on the left with one battalion, were to capture the hill and the road from it to Château de Fontaine. [a] In peacetime, the divisional headquarters was at 19 Cathedral Close in Exeter. After passing the crest, two troops turned left along the road through the to... 'S Territorial Army ( TA ) adopted the golden Wyvern on a blue as. 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Division as 'the most over-exercised in the capture of Bremen ( 20–27 April 1945 ) 1944.! Ondefontaine defences this most successful day, the National Archives, Kew, file WO 171/492 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment Russell! To move t72 to Juno Beach for disembarkation Infantry support 60 survivors of 5th Wiltshires fought their way forward sweltering!, suffering heavy casualties and getting few supplies across road through the woods to Ondefontaine up the important objective Manvieux! 'Joe ' ) Lane Fox swung the axis of advance eastwards at dusk.. The axis of advance eastwards accurately as possible the 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment WW2! In at dawn from 10th SS Panzer Division officers and 755 other ranks a surprise attack it, sir '. Division until September 1945 counter-attacks came in at dawn from 10th SS Panzer Division machine guns et 4.2″ mortars –! Grimly held first by 4th Dorsets and the only course now was to evacuate survivors. 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The horizontal inscription reads 'All the way from Normandy ' Dorset Yeomanry ) Field Regiment Royal.

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