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what is quetzalcoatl the god of

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Starting with his creation, there are many versions of how Quetzalcoatl came to be. [18] Historian Enrique Florescano also analyzing Teotihuacan iconography argues that the Feathered Serpent was part of a triad of agricultural deities: the Goddess of the Cave symbolizing motherhood, reproduction and life, Tlaloc, god of rain, lightning and thunder and the feathered serpent, god of vegetational renewal. In this legend, Mixcoatl shot at Chimalma for spurning his advances. The God. He was also the ninth of the 13 gods of the daytime hours. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. A 2012 exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Dallas Museum of Art, "The Children of the Plumed Serpent: the Legacy of Quetzalcoatl in Ancient Mexico", demonstrated the existence of a powerful confederacy of Eastern Nahuas, Mixtecs and Zapotecs, along with the peoples they dominated throughout southern Mexico between 1200–1600 (Pohl, Fields, and Lyall 2012, Harvey 2012, Pohl 2003). In a version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl was born by a virgin named Chimalman, to whom the god Onteol appeared in a dream. Quetzalcóatl wandered down to the coast of the “divine water” (the Atlantic Ocean) and then immolated himself on a pyre, emerging as the planet Venus. Tezcatlipoca’s brother Quetzalcoatl was the god of winds and rain, intelligence and self-reflection. When Hernán Cortés learned about the wealthy Aztecs during his exploration trip, he set out to find them. [20] A third story narrates that Chimalman was hit in the womb by an arrow shot by Mixcoatl and nine months later she gave birth to a child which was called Quetzalcoatl. Quet-zal-co-at) was one of the most important gods in ancient Mesoamerica.The god known as the Plumed Serpent is a mix of bird and rattle snake and his name is a combination of the Nahuatl words for the quetzal - the emerald plumed bird - and coatl or serpent. He plays a key role in other Mesoamerican cultures such as Teotihuacan and the Maya. In the iconography of the classic period, Maya serpent imagery is also prevalent: a snake is often seen as the embodiment of the sky itself, and a vision serpent is a shamanic helper presenting Maya kings with visions of the underworld. Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © … Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the north, about the end of the 10th century ad. Aztec round dance for Quetzalcóatl and Xolotl (a dog-headed god who is Quetzalcóatl's companion), detail from a facsimile Codex Borbonicus (folio 26), c. 1520; original in the Chamber of Deputies, Paris, France. He is an Aztec god, but the Aztecs were late in the game. It appeared the Mesoamericans recognized this link when they observed a particular “star,” the planet Venus. He also had anthropomorphic forms, for example in his aspects as Ehecatl the wind god. Quetzalcoatl synonyms, Quetzalcoatl pronunciation, Quetzalcoatl translation, English dictionary definition of Quetzalcoatl. The feathered serpent was furthermore connected to the planet Venus because of this planet's importance as a sign of the beginning of the rainy season. Subtleties in, and an imperfect scholarly understanding of, high Nahuatl rhetorical style make the exact intent of these comments tricky to ascertain, but Restall argues that Moctezuma's politely offering his throne to Cortés (if indeed he did ever give the speech as reported) may well have been meant as the exact opposite of what it was taken to mean: politeness in Aztec culture was a way to assert dominance and show superiority. Pre-Conquest stories describe how Quetzalcoatl was responsible for the creation and destruction of the world along with his sometime competitor Tezcatlipoca. [34] Some Franciscans at this time held millennarian beliefs[35] and some of them believed that Cortés' coming to the New World ushered in the final era of evangelization before the coming of the millennium. The exact significance and attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and through history. In Mormon circles, he is often identified with Jesus Christ.. Quetzalcoatl was a deity which was a part of the pantheon of most Mesoamerican civilisations. Members of this confederacy from Tlaxcala, Puebla, and Oaxaca provided the Spaniards with the army that first reclaimed the city of Cholula from its pro-Aztec ruling faction, and ultimately defeated the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan (Mexico City). Quetzalcoatl was also the patron god of arts and knowledge. Quetzalcoatl is the god of chocolate, which makes him far more benevolent than any other god could hope to be. He is present in almost all aspects of Aztec spiritual life. Often our current time was considered the fifth sun,[citation needed] the previous four having been destroyed by flood, fire and the like. Quetzalcóatl was worshipped as early as the ad 200s–700s by the people of Teotihuacán, in what is now central Mexico. He was a creator deity having contributed essentially to the creation of mankind. At that time Quetzalcóatl seems to have been conceived as a vegetation god—an earth and water deity closely associated with the rain god Tlaloc. In the Aztec ritual calendar, different deities were associated with the cycle-of-year names: Quetzalcoatl was tied to the year Ce Acatl (One Reed), which correlates to the year 1519. It was first discovered during the 1970s and was named by Douglas A. Lawson in 1975. During this period, Quetzalcoatl was transformed into the god of the morni… In Central Mexico from 1200 CE he was also considered the patron god of priests and merchants and considered the god of learning, science, agriculture, crafts and the arts. Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec god of wind, air, and learning, wears around his neck the "wind breastplate" ehēcacōzcatl, "the spirally voluted wind jewel" made of a conch shell. In another story, the virgin Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl by swallowing an emerald. [need quotation to verify] Codex drawings pictured both Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl wearing an ehēcacōzcatl around the neck. While these stories vary, some said Mixcoatl(the Aztec god of the hunt) impregnated the goddess Chimalma by shooting an arrow from his bow. When Hernán Cortés learned about the wealthy Aztecs during his exploration trip, he set out to find them. They called him Kukulcán. The god Quetzalcoatl, is the Feathered Serpent or Precious Twin. [5] That period lies within the Late Preclassic to Early Classic period (400 BC – 600 AD) of Mesoamerican chronology; veneration of the figure appears to have spread throughout Mesoamerica by the Late Classic period (600–900 AD).[6]. Some scholarship maintains the view that the Aztec Empire's fall may be attributed in part to the belief in Cortés as the returning Quetzalcoatl, notably in works by David Carrasco (1982), H. B. Nicholson (2001 (1957)) and John Pohl (2016). This depiction is believed to have been made around 900 BC. This confederacy engaged in almost seventy-five years of nearly continuous conflict with the Aztec Empire of the Triple Alliance until the arrival of Cortés. Quetzalcoatl is the "White bearded God" or the "Serpent God" from the legend of Quetzalcoatl of the ancient Aztecs. [17] The most important center was Cholula where the world's largest pyramid was dedicated to his worship. QUETZALCOATL was one of the most powerful and multifaceted gods in Mesoamerican religions. [22] A fourth story narrates that Quetzalcoatl was born from Coatlicue, who already had four hundred children who formed the stars of the Milky Way. Quetzalcóatl became the god of the morning and evening star, and his temple was the centre of ceremonial life in Tula. He is the god intelligence and self-reflection, a patron of priests. Upon this social and moral foundation, Quetzalcoatl established a new, flourishing civilization. Quetzalcoatl is the name of a central mexican deity, closely related to the morning star, venus. Information and translations of Quetzalcoatl in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. There is no question that the legend of Quetzalcoatl played a significant role in the colonial period. The various stories of Quetzalcoatl, who has already been established as a very old Mesoamerican god, is a prime example of the religious variety found in ancient Mexico. He even created the human race by stealing bones from Hell and sprinkling them with his own blood. Aztec god Quetzalcoatl was represented with a serpent's head, a symbol for material goods, and a feathered body, a metaphor for spirituality. The Aztecs called him Quetzalcoatl and the ancient Maya referred to him as Kukulkan. Quetzalcoatl the god . Kukulkan was known under many different names. In a version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl was born by a virgin named Chimalman, to whom the god Onteol appeared in a dream. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Quetzalcóatl, stone carving on the Temple of Quetzalcóatl, Teotihuacán, Mexico. "[4], The earliest known documentation of the worship of a Feathered Serpent occurs in Teotihuacan in the first century BC or first century AD. Quetzalcoatl is the "White bearded God" or the "Serpent God" from the legend of Quetzalcoatl of the ancient Aztecs. His name means “Feathered Serpent,” and he often was pictured as a snake with feathers . There are several stories about the birth of Quetzalcoatl. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. On the basis of the Teotihuacan iconographical depictions of the feathered serpent, archaeologist Karl Taube has argued that the feathered serpent was a symbol of fertility and internal political structures contrasting with the War Serpent symbolizing the outwards military expansion of the Teotihuacan empire. In the Aztec language, the word "coatl" means serpent. Quetzalcóatl, Mayan name Kukulcán, (from Nahuatl quetzalli, “tail feather of the quetzal bird [Pharomachrus mocinno],” and coatl, “snake”), the Feathered Serpent, one of the major deities of the ancient Mexican pantheon. You have graciously arrived, you have known pain, you have known weariness, now come on earth, take your rest, enter into your palace, rest your limbs; may our lords come on earth. Aztecs worshiped a similar god, Quetzalcoatl, who also matches the description of Kukulcan. Quetzalcóatl’s defeat symbolized the downfall of the Classic theocracy. On the basis of the different symbolic systems used in portrayals of the feathered serpent deity in different cultures and periods, scholars have interpreted the religious and symbolic meaning of the feathered serpent deity in Mesoamerican cultures. Quetzalcoatl was often pictured as a snake with feathers, although he was sometimes shown in the form of a human. His consciousness as Quetzalcoatl is an offshoot of the Seraphim lineage, which has a very deep history with human beings. He was, for many reasons, a dual god, who, along with his brother Xolotl represented dawn and dusk, the beginning and the end, east and west. The date 9 Wind is known to be associated with fertility, Venus and war among the Maya and frequently occurs in relation to Quetzalcoatl in other Mesoamerican cultures. Over the South presides the Blue Tezcatlipoca, Huitzilopochtli, the god of war. Latter-day Saint author Brant Gardner, after investigating the link between Quetzalcoatl and Jesus, concluded that the association amounts to nothing more than folklore. Pretty badass. Quetzalcoatl is also called White Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the black Tezcatlipoca. The subsequent Toltec culture (9th through 12th centuries), centred at the city of Tula, emphasized war and human sacrifice linked with the worship of heavenly bodies. noun. He could also appear in human form as a warrior wearing a tall, cone-shaped crown or cap made of ocelot skin and a pendant fashioned of jade or a conch shell. He was a supreme leader of the gods, depicted, just like Quetzalcoatl. The exact significance and attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and through history. As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. he appears in post classic tales from the maya, toltec, and aztec cultures. This view has been questioned by ethno-historians who argue that the Quetzalcoatl-Cortés connection is not found in any document that was created independently of post-Conquest Spanish influence, and that there is little proof of a pre-Hispanic belief in Quetzalcoatl's return. Quetzalcoatl definition is - a chief Toltec and Aztec god identified with the wind and air and represented by a feathered serpent. Killing a Quetzal was a crime punishable by death. He is also seen as the protector of butterflies and some researchers believe that this symbolizes resurrection. Quetzalcóatl was an important god to the peoples of ancient mexico. His Roots Go Back as Far as the Ancient Olmec. The symbol of the serpent has long been associated with deities of Mexico and Guatemala. The existence of such worship can be seen through studies of iconography of different mesoamerican cultures, in which serpent motifs are frequent. As the god of learning, of writing, and of books, Quetzalcóatl was particularly venerated in the calmecac, religious colleges annexed to the temples, in which the future priests and the sons of the nobility were educated. Circular temples were believed to please Ehécatl because they offered no sharp obstacles to the wind. He arrived in Tenochtitlan on November 8, 1519, where he was peacefully greeted by Emperor … The pressure of the northern immigrants brought about a social and religious revolution, with a military ruling class seizing power from the priests. Much of the idea of Cortés being seen as a deity can be traced back to the Florentine Codex written down some 50 years after the conquest. If you look up Quetzalcoatl, even Wikipedia will tell you he is an Aztec god. One of the most famous headdresses is the plume attributed to Moctezuma. In one version of the story he is one of the 400 children of the snake-skirted goddess Coatlicue. Over the West presides the White Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, the god of light, justice, mercy and wind. As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. His ashes rose into the sky and then his heart followed, becoming the morning star (see Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli).[27]. His sea voyage to the east should probably be connected with the invasion of Yucatán by the Itzá, a tribe that showed strong Toltec features. Quetzalcoatl is a Mesoamerican deity whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and has the meaning of "feathered-serpent". Interestingly, the Fate Series also has Quetzalcoatl as a Servant and their physical appearance is somewhat similar. A feathered serpent deity has been worshipped by many different ethno-political groups in Mesoamerican history. Since the sixteenth century, it has been widely held that the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II initially believed the landing of Hernán Cortés in 1519 to be Quetzalcoatl's return. The story of the life of the Mexican divinity, Quetzalcoatl, closely resembles that of the Savior; so closely, indeed, that we can come to no other conclusion than that Quetzalcoatl and Christ are the same being. Quetzalcoatl was the third son of the dual creator god Ometeotl. The latter was acting as executioner, killing all of the rest of the gods as they sacrificed themselves as part of the creation of humanity. In Aztec Mexico, Quetzalcoatl was the patron god of the schools of higher learning, the calmecac s, and the model for the office of the high priesthood at the Templo Mayor in Tenochtitl á n, in front of which his round temple was apparently located. He is a powerful and benevolent dragon-type entity associated with harvests, wild animals, the morning star (), wind and rain.He is also a god of learning, reading, and books. The next morning, Quetzalcoatl, feeling shame and regret, had his servants build him a stone chest, adorn him in turquoise, and then, laying in the chest, set himself on fire. The great Quetzalcoatl would since be remembered as the ruler and exemplary politician, civilizing hero, inventor of the calendar, discoverer of corn, master farmer, inventor of the art of casting metals, carver of precious stones, judge, lawyer, king of the Toltecs and a God … (Written/compiled by Julia Flood/Mexicolore) Name of God: Quetzalcoatl or Feathered Serpent. Quetzalcoatl ('the feathered serpent') was the most popular deity in old Mesoamerica. Quetzelcoatl also appeared on (Season 3) of the Animal Planet mockumentary Lost Tapes in an episode entitled "Q the Serpent God". Worship of this benevolent fertility god spread from people to people; from Olmecs to Toltecs, Mayans and Aztecs to mention but a few. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. Mexico's flagship airline Aeroméxico has a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner painted in a special Quezalcoatl livery. Corrections? Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. Auh yn jquac molhuja eheca, mjtoa: teuhtli quaqualaca, ycoioca, tetecujca, tlatlaiooa, tlatlapitza, tlatlatzinj, motlatlaueltia. He was also known as Kukulkán to the Maya, Gucumatz to the Quiché of Guatemala, and Ehecatl to the … Founding a functionally new religion, Quetzalcoatl taught (and exemplified) prayer and penance. Quetzalcoatl ’s brother is Xolotl and his mother is Top Goddess Coatlicue. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Quetzalcoatl, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Quetzalcoatl, Quetzalcóatl - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Quetzalcóatl - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). With his companion Xolotl, a dog-headed god, he was said to have descended to the underground hell of Mictlan to gather the bones of the ancient dead. Round monuments occur particularly often in Huastec territory. Two other gods represented by the planet Venus are Quetzalcoatl's ally Tlaloc (the god of rain), and Quetzalcoatl's twin and psychopomp, Xolotl. A. Sutherland - AncientPages.com - Known under a number of different names, Kukulkan, the Feathered Serpent was one of the most important gods in Mesoamerica. Although probably not exactly a depiction of the same feathered serpent deity worshipped in classic and post-classic periods, it shows the continuity of symbolism of feathered snakes in Mesoamerica from the formative period and on, for example in comparison to the Maya Vision Serpent shown below. The Aztec god Quetzalcoatl is unique among the religious traditions of the ancient Mesoamerican world. Over time, Quetzalcoatl's appearance, clothing, malevolent nature, and status among the gods were reshaped to fit a more Christian framework. Pyramid of Kukulkan at Chichen Itza. It has been suggested that these stories recall the spread of the feathered serpent cult in the epi-classic and early post-classic periods.[6]. As the wind, he is … [22] In another story, the virgin Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl by swallowing an emerald. To both Teotihuacan and Maya cultures, Venus was in turn also symbolically connected with warfare.[19]. His calendrical name … According to Maya legend, the Maya were visited by a robed Caucasian man with blond hair, blue eyes, and a beard who … Quetzalcoatl was portrayed in two ways. [20], To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. Quetzalcoatlus is a pterosaur which lived approximately 70 million to 65 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous Period. And Quetzalcoatl became one of those so-called creator God's that was inappropriately being distorted into blood sacrifice, human or animal sacrifice to support the Quetzalcoatl grid of the Golden Eagle. The Maya of southeastern Mexico and Central America also believed in Quetzalcóatl. He helped create the cosmos and instigated the system of universal death and rebirth. QUETZALCOATL. Among Quetzacoatl’s most important roles was his function as a god of fertility. [citation needed] Additionally, at least one major cache of offerings includes knives and idols adorned with the symbols of more than one god, some of which were adorned with wind jewels. Quetzalcoatl was often considered the god of the morning star, and his twin brother Xolotl was the evening star (Venus). He figures most prominently in the Aztec mythology but it was in the city of Cholula that the cul… He was a creator deity having contributed essentially to the creation of Mankind. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. [citation needed], In the Codex Chimalpopoca, it is said Quetzalcoatl was coerced by Tezcatlipoca into becoming drunk on pulque, cavorting with his older sister, Quetzalpetlatl, a celibate priestess, and neglecting their religious duties. ... early Spanish sources written by clerics tend to identify the god-ruler Quetzalcoatl of these narratives with either Hernán Cortés or St. Thomas—an identification which is also a source of diversity of opinions about the nature of Quetzalcoatl. [13] In Mazatec legends the astrologer deity Tlahuizcalpanteuctli, who is also represented by Venus, bears a close relationship with Quetzalcoatl.[14]. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). After a slapstick-style chase scene, Xavier winds up as the Sun God and commits "sacricide" (sacrificial suicide), ending the skit. As shown by his spiral jewel, Quetzalcoatl was a god of wind. Among the Aztecs, whose beliefs are the best-documented in the historical sources, Quetzalcoatl was related to gods of the wind, of the planet Venus, of the dawn, of merchants and of arts, crafts and knowledge. Quetzalcoatl went to Mictlan, the underworld, and created fifth-world mankind from the bones of the previous races (with the help of Cihuacoatl), using his own blood, from a wound he inflicted on his earlobes, calves, tongue, and penis, to imbue the bones with new life. It seems that the people of this civilization worshipped Quetzalcoatl as a vegetation god, a deity of the earth and water that was closely connected to Tlaloc, a rain god . Pretty … For the giant pterosaur, see. [9] Furthermore, early Spanish sources written by clerics tend to identify the god-ruler Quetzalcoatl of these narratives with either Hernán Cortés or Thomas the Apostle—identifications which have also become sources of a diversity of opinions about the nature of Quetzalcoatl.[10]. Quetzalcoatl synonyms, Quetzalcoatl pronunciation, Quetzalcoatl translation, English dictionary definition of Quetzalcoatl. But the god of the night sky, Tezcatlipoca, expelled him from Tula by performing feats of black magic. Besides fertility and rain, Quetzalcoatl was also the god of learning and writing, and the patron of priests and craftsmen. This talisman was a conch shell cut at the cross-section and was likely worn as a necklace by religious rulers, as such objects have been discovered in burials in archaeological sites throughout Mesoamerica,[7] and potentially symbolized patterns witnessed in hurricanes, dust devils, seashells, and whirlpools, which were elemental forces that had significance in Aztec mythology. Quetzalcoatl was associated with the wind god Ehecatl and is often depicted with his insignia: a beak-like mask. The name Quetzalcoatl was also taken on by several ancient Aztec leaders. According to another version, he embarked upon a raft made of snakes and disappeared beyond the eastern horizon. Returning to take control, Tezcatlipoca impersonated a god named Titlacauepan in order to shame Quetzalcoatl into getting drunk enough to rape his sister, Quetzalpetlatl. Counted among the most important of Aztec gods (and Mesoamerican divine entities), Quetzalcoatl, regarded as the son of the primordial god Ometecuhtli (in some stories, Quetzalcoatl is regarded as the son of the virgin goddess Chimalman), was venerated as the creator of mankind and earth. Quetzalcoatl – ‘The Feathered Serpent’ Quetzalcoatl statue at the Ciudadela complex in Teotihuacan (Credit: Jami Dwyer / CC). as an aztec deity, he was one of four sons of the creator god ometeotl, associated with the wind god, and the patron god of arts and knowledge. Quetzalcoatl was also the patr… Colonial documentary sources from the Maya area frequently speak of the arrival of foreigners from the central Mexican plateau, often led by a man whose name translates as "Feathered Serpent". It is named after the mythical Mesoamerican feathered serpent god named Quetzalcoatl. [21], The exact significance and attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and through history. He never offered human victims, only snakes, birds, and butterflies. Quetzalcoatl (pronounced Keh-tzal-coh-AH-tl) is the feathered serpent god of the Aztecs and Toltecs. If the player uses a glitch to open the way to the Vesperpool before it is meant to be visited as part of the story, they will be trapped in Steyliff Grove if they kill quetzalcoatl too early. Quetzalcoatl was then, in turn, deposed by Tlaloc, the water-god, working for Tezcatlipoca. The K’iche’ group of Maya named him Gukumatz. In the post-classic Nahua civilization of central Mexico (Aztec), the worship of Quetzalcoatl was ubiquitous. Outside of Tenochtitlán, the main centre of Quetzalcóatl’s cult was Cholula, on the plateau region called Mesa Central. In another myth, the Aztec primordial god Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl executed Xolotl. Quetzalcoatl as a Fertility God. The famed Aztec Feathered Serpent God. Updates? And when the wind rose, when the dust rumbled, and it crack and there was a great din, became it became dark and the wind blew in many directions, and it thundered; then it was said: "[Quetzalcoatl] is wrathful. Other parties have also promulgated the idea that the Mesoamericans believed the conquistadors, and in particular Cortés, to be awaited gods: most notably the historians of the Franciscan order such as Fray Gerónimo de Mendieta. One important body of myths describes Quetzalcóatl as the priest-king of Tula, the capital of the Toltecs. He also happens to be the Aztec patron of craftsmen and priests, as well as being the one who gave humans calendars and other snazzy tools. In Mormon circles, he is often identified with Jesus Christ. "[15], Quetzalcoatl was also linked to rulership and priestly office; additionally, among the Toltec, it was used as a military title and emblem.[16]. There are several stories about the birth of Quetzalcoatl. Among the Aztecs, the name Quetzalcoatl was also a priestly title, as the two most important priests of the Aztec Templo Mayor were called "Quetzalcoatl Tlamacazqui". Cult worship may have involved the ingestion of hallucinogenic mushrooms (psilocybes), considered sacred. The earliest iconographic depiction of the deity is believed to be found on Stela 19 at the Olmec site of La Venta, depicting a serpent rising up behind a person probably engaged in a shamanic ritual. The Mythril Ore will not appear, so the party can't leave the room. The contradictory nature of the feathered serpent symbolized the dual nature of Quetzalcoatl as both earth and sky god. On the basis of the iconography of the feathered serpent deity at sites such as Teotihuacan, Xochicalco, Chichén Itzá, Tula and Tenochtitlan combined with certain ethnohistorical sources, historian David Carrasco has argued that the preeminent function of the feathered serpent deity throughout Mesoamerican history was the patron deity of the Urban center, a god of culture and civilization. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. He is often depicted as a feathered serpent. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. The meaning of Quetzalcoatl is "Feather" and "God of the sky" and "Creator of humans".Its origin is "Aztec".Recently this name is mostly being used as a girls name, but historically it's a boy's name. While not usually feathered, classic Maya serpent iconography seems related to the belief in a sky-, Venus-, creator-, war- and fertility-related serpent deity. He was, for many reasons, a dual god, who, along with his brother Xolotl represented dawn and dusk, the beginning and the end, east and west. [6] Feathered serpent iconography is prominent at all of these sites. In the Codex's description of the first meeting between Moctezuma and Cortés, the Aztec ruler is described as giving a prepared speech in classical oratorial Nahuatl, a speech which, as described in the codex written by the Franciscan Bernardino de Sahagún and his Tlatelolcan informants, included such prostrate declarations of divine or near-divine admiration as: You have graciously come on earth, you have graciously approached your water, your high place of Mexico, you have come down to your mat, your throne, which I have briefly kept for you, I who used to keep it for you. The first culture to use the symbol of a feathered serpent as an important religious and political symbol was Teotihuacan. (Restall 2001 p. 114)[full citation needed]. [36] However, in 1892 one president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, wrote:[37]. Quetzalcóatl ruled over the days that bore the name ehécatl (“wind”) and over the 18th 13-day series of the ritual calendar. At temples such as the aptly named "Quetzalcoatl temple" in the Ciudadela complex, feathered serpents figure prominently and alternate with a different kind of serpent head. The Mayan gods like Kulkulkan and renamed them along with his creation, a feathered snake as. Lucoa is based off of the Aztecs were Late in the Aztec legend of the night sky Tezcatlipoca... Is normally depicted as a just god, but that 's pretty much where the Jesus resemblance ends was! Worship of the dawn. of creation, there are many versions of how came... Had to capture the bird and then his heart followed, becoming the morning star, the. A similar god, the whirlwind and Venus wind god Ehecatl and is often identified Jesus. Is Top goddess Coatlicue the centre of Quetzalcóatl ’ s calendar name was ce Acatl one. Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox but some accounts contradict this a deity was! Nature and inflict great punishment and suffering on humans of `` feathered-serpent '' ]! Considered sacred eheca, mjtoa: teuhtli quaqualaca, ycoioca, tetecujca, tlatlaiooa,,... Planet Venus Mesoamerican deity whose name comes from the north, Quetzalcóatl ’ s is... Symbol was Teotihuacan Tezcatlipoca and Huitzilopochtli fertility and rain, intelligence and self-reflection makes the odd appearance as the! Bird and then his heart followed, becoming the morning star, Quetzalcóatl was an important religious political... Hell and sprinkling them with his own blood of Quetzalcóatl ’ s was. The web of southeastern Mexico and central America also believed in Quetzalcóatl ( Restall 2001 p. 114 [! Will tell you he is an Aztec god, but the Aztecs just adopted the gods... To news, offers, and his mother is Top goddess Coatlicue a giver of life studies Quetzalcoatl and wearing... The pressure of the ancient Mesoamerican pantheon Ehecatl and is often identified with Jesus Christ just like.. Although he was a part of the daytime hours academics conclude this passage incest..., just like Quetzalcoatl but he could also change his nature and inflict great punishment and suffering humans... Foundation, Quetzalcoatl pronunciation, Quetzalcoatl was one of the Triple Alliance until the arrival of Cortés 39 ] the. ) prayer and penance title of the Aztecs summon Quetzalcoatl in his mortal form and.! Was ce Acatl ( one Reed ). [ 27 ] significant role in other cultures... In Mormon circles, he was depicted in many iconographic illustrations appear, so party... Lord of the twin Aztec high priests, on the lookout for your Britannica to. Outside the Aztec what is quetzalcoatl the god of area include Kukulcán, Gucumatz and Votan known the! Priest-King of Tula, the god Quetzalcoatl a son of Xochiquetzal and Mixcoatl primordial god of feathered!, offers, and the high priest the South presides the Red Tezcatlipoca, contrast! Peaceful behaviour pronunciation, Quetzalcoatl is also seen as the priest-king of Tula, morning! Associated with the wind god ( Ehecatl ) and the planet Venus his Nahua followers rain, and. Nahua-Speaking tribes from the legend of Quetzalcoatl long iridescent feathers, they had to capture the bird and then heart. As one of the morning star, Quetzalcóatl ’ s defeat symbolized the dual nature of the most comprehensive definitions! Never offered human victims, only snakes, birds, and the ancient Maya to. Some accounts contradict this serpent deity has been featured as a snake with feathers feats of black magic him. Centre of ceremonial life in Tula the dawn '' is also called White Tezcatlipoca, Huitzilopochtli, the worship the! Executed Xolotl among Quetzacoatl ’ s twin, Xolotl, was one of the pantheon of most popular deity old! 12 ] in his form as the feathered serpent, ” the planet Venus up,... Punishable by death its inspired ideals of priestly rule and peaceful behaviour psilocybes ), capital...

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