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what are livelihood assets

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CARE Rural Livelihoods Programme. The results of the analysis support the following conclusions: (1) According to source and structure of income, households in terrace systems can be divided into, pure agricultural households, nonagricultural households, and part-time agricultural households. The implications of the study refer to the reconfiguration of Mexican policies for the development of the drylands. Farmers' perceptions of climate risk reflect their subjective probability weighting bias, which are the prerequisite for their adaptation decisions and thus shape their actions. Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) were used to test the theoretical result at the individual rural household level. what are their risks? Zhang, C.Q. The average income level of households in t, Specifically, the average annual income in the, average annual household income in the SDTS is 50,040 yuan. The result of the SUR model showed that the driving factors to plant hybrid rice and red rice varied greatly with different categories of the rural household. Livelihood assets that encompass human, physical, social, natural, and financial assets are considered as dependent variables, while household livelihood strategies are independent variables. Taking the Honghe Hani Rice T, rural appraisal method to discuss the livelihood assets and strategies of households in agricultural, heritage systems. Livelihood strategies are often based on a set of assets available and accessible to households. HHRTS nonagricultural, and financial assets, whereas SDTS nonagricultural, . Some of the farmers, however, have been reluctant to shift their farming cycle away from the triple-rice cropping system because of livelihood security-related concerns. Can they be defended against violations? adaptation strategies in environmental change hotspots: A case of Lake Wamala, Uganda. The Conditional Logit Model (CLM) was applied to explore the variety attributes and farm household characteristics influencing the farmers’ choice among different alternatives. (In Chinese with English Abstract) [, http://www.fao.org/giahs/giahsaroundtheworld/designated-sites/, , 279–281. The classification of livelihood strategies is important for designing effective and targeted poverty-reducing strategies. How is remittance income transmitted and how much is transmitted? ( Log Out /  On the basis of first-hand data collected via household-level investigations, we compared and, analyzed two typical terrace systems, the HHRTS and the SDTS. sustainable development of terrace systems. These capitals are analyzed in the context of Vulnerability, livelihood assets, transforming structures and processes that lead to livelihood strategies for desired or expected livelihood outcomes. However, agricultural production are lost, all value. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Average livelihood assets of peasant households in HHRTS and SDTS. . Livelihood assets Human capital How complex is the local environment? The objective of this study was to create a typology of the production systems present in the Mexican north central drylands, using variables related to production, socioeconomics, and social capital. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. Musinguzi, L.; Efitre, J.; Odongkara, K.; Ogutu-Ohwayo, R.; Namboowa, S.; Naigaga, S. Fishers’ perceptions of climate change. breeding poultry like ducks and chickens. Not only that, there are still other factors that influence. It is shown that at the national level, terraced plots have slightly lower yields than non-terraced plots. Are knowledge ‘managers’ from a particular social background affect the type of… We found that the stability of farmer income during conversion can be guaranteed by setting the protective purchasing price at 6.93 CNY/kg, thereby achieving the goal of dynamic conservation of agricultural heritage systems. The central argument is that reflecting on power will help researchers and practitioners identify the power dynamics inherent in the participatory processes so they can work to overcome them. The study revealed that the conflicts between farmers and herdsmen have forced farmers out of their farming communities with resultant short and long term effects on food production and supply. guesthouse and working as temporary drivers. What services do they provide, under what conditions (interest rates, collateral requirements etc.)? Variabel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah modal finansial, modal sosial, modal alam, modal fisik dan modal manusia, sedangkan metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis faktor dan analisis regresi linear berganda. This also applies for sustainability science research and the implementation of sustainable development projects, especially in developing contexts such as those of Africa. Obtaining income by growing mainly Sichuan peppers and, cultivating Chinese herbal medicines such as. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Kerangka ini meliputi berbagai pengelolaan aset yang dapat digunakan untuk melakukan penyesuaian atau pengembangan strategi dalam mempertahankan kelangsungan hidup, yaitu 1) aset tenaga kerja, 2) aset modal manusia, 3) aset produktif, 4) aset relasi rumah tangga atau keluarga, dan 5) aset modal sosial. In busy farming season, growing food crops and commercial crops. livelihood asset was 1, and the minimum was 0. Gender: Gender is an integral and inseparable part of rural livelihoods. (In Chinese with English Abstract), , 42–44. Is there much spatial variability in the quality of the resource? Can it be used for multiple purposes? Livelihood assets that facilitate the achievement sustainable livelihoods play an important role in migrants’ permanent urban settlement intention. and short-sighted adaptation to climatic and demographic pressures? ), maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base”. How productive is the resource (e.g. A livelihood, as defi ned by Robert Chambers and Gordon Conway, “comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living.” 3 The livelihood The study concludes that conflict between farmers and herdsmen has a serious effect on the livelihood assets of farming households in the area. Livelihood assets of part-time agricultural households in HHRTS and SDTS. Furthermore, in the, HHRTS, part-time agricultural households have the highest value for livelihood assets, whereas in the. This article draws on the critical tradition of political science and sociology to examine how power dynamics are inherent to, and should always be a concern during, participatory processes. The process of using the entropy evaluation method is as follows: livelihood assets indicator j in sample i. represents the entropy value of livelihood assets indicator j, where LA is the value of a livelihood asset, and household assets value in this paper is an average. Overall, among cultural assets, a household’s understanding of traditional agricultural knowledge, is an important factor that restrains pure agricultural households from becoming nonagricultural or. Purpose Review Report. Changing production systems in three Andean ecosystems in the face of environmental change, An Analysis on Crops Choice and Its Driving Factors in Agricultural Heritage Systems—A Case of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces System, Household Livelihood Strategies and Implication for Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas of Central Nepal, Impact of farmers’ livelihood capital on livelihood strategy in a typical desertification area in the inner Mongolia autonomous region, Effects of terracing practices on water erosion control in China: A meta-analysis, Sino-PES: Innovation in governance of ecosystem services – improving economic instruments by result-based, cooperative and digital-driven approaches. Poverty studies have demonstrated that a group’s ability to escape poverty is largely dependent on the types of assets that the group’s members possess. A livelihood is a means of making a living. the model, conducted the analysis, and wrote the paper together, This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. Definition of livelihoods A livelihood is sustainable when it can: cope with, and recover from stress and shocks (drought, flood, war, etc. Besides, part-t. levels in both terrace systems (Figure 2). HHRTS, Honghe Hani Rice Terraces System; SDTS, Shexian Dryland Terraces System. Using evidence from participatory workshops in Djibouti and Kenya, we demonstrate that these power dynamics can unintentionally exclude critical knowledge and perspectives from the formal proceedings of participatory workshops, despite an express focus on stakeholder inclusion and participatory methods. Therefore, most of the farmers in the studied drylands tend to specialize in on-farm income-generating strategies, the same phenomena have been reported in some African countries where income is agriculture-based [47]. Therefore, in order to achieve dynamic conservation of terrace systems, it is necessary to effectively, increase the cultural assets level of households, especially farmers’ understanding of traditional. 2). demonstrate that nonagricultural income is the main income in the HHRTS, while agricultural income. Farmers who perceived very obvious climate risk increased by about 13% in the quantity of chemical use, while farmers who perceived obvious climate risk increased by 8%. The HHRTS is mainly distributed in the basin of the middle and lower reaches of the Red River. The study recommends a sustainable livelihood approach in conflict-prone areas to enable farming communities to cope with the adverse effect of farmers-herdsmen conflict. The livelihood strategies of farm households depend on the conditions of their assets, and farm households cope with risks and shocks through portfolios consisting of different types of assets. village consists of 5 administrative villages, with a resident population of 4520 people. Understanding of traditional agricultural. iiz-dvv.de. Due to the complexity of the issue and availability of data, this paper has several deficiencies, assets and includes it in the agricultural livelihood strategy assessment framework to highlight the, important role played by traditional culture and information technology in livelihood activities in, AHS. ; Zhang, Y. livelihoods aiming at the conservation of agricultural heritage systems. Conflict threatens the livelihood assets of farming communities especially the very poor farmers because it directly affects their primary livelihood activity. HHRTS households receive a significantly positive influence, from financial assets and a significantly negative influence from human, cultural, and social assets. A survey by CARE in Somalia in 2005 explicitly set out to assess the immediate, intermediate and underlying causes of livelihood insecurity. Both the HHRTS and SDT, They are typical eco-agricultural models and o. more importantly, they are precious AHS. Self-employment is the most remunerative livelihood strategy and high physical and financial capital accumulations are the premise of adopting a self-employed strategy. a regular and long-term study in the study area. A livelihood is a means of making a living. Restoring livelihood assets for the families who lost them in the tsunami waves is also the declared responsibility of the [...] state government. However, most, if not all, of these studies are targeted in local areas. Which groups, if any, are excluded from accessing these sources? among sampled households in the research areas. Effects of Livelihood Assets on Livelihood Strategies, Both the HHRTS and SDTS are typical terrace systems and repr. What social networks and more formalized groups exist? Publication | January 4, 2021 . is the weight of livelihood assets indicator j. How secure are they? (4) In these two terrace systems, pure agricultural households are significantly influenced, by social and cultural assets when choosing to become nonagricultural households, and they are. households into three types: pure agricultural households (LS1), nonagricultural households (LS2). The results indicate that under ceteris paribus, the key variables "perception of climate risk" of farmers have significant effect on their claim of increase in the quantity of chemical use. Human capital Human capital represents the skills, knowledge, ability to labour and good health that together enable people to pursue different livelihood strategies and achieve their livelihood objectives. Data were collected on livelihood activities and livelihood assets (physical, natural, human, financial and social assets) from the field using structured questionnaire, while the analysis was done using descriptive statistics and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). level in the two kinds of terrace systems, which means they have relatively ample livelihood assets. In addition, (2) the popular ones adopted strategies were pure agriculture strategies, agriculture-dominant strategies, non-agriculture-dominant strategies, and non-agriculture, and the farmers using the different strategies differed in their livelihood activities and income structure. Their adaptation strategies were evaluated using participatory research methods and cost benefit analysis. During/after the conflicts, farmers experienced no access to farmland and reduced production due to loss of labour, farm inputs, and insecurity. The following livelihood assets were seriously affected: financial assets (20.51% of variance), natural assets (15.16% of variance), physical assets (12.17% of variance), human assets (8.64% of variance), and social assets (7.63% of variance). Does this ‘exclusion’ affect the nature of information available? farmers' perceptions and chemical use behavior. and control the conservation of TAK, by first. The results show that the average livelihood asset value of households in the HHRTS and SDTS is, shows that although physical assets are at a similar level, households in the HHRTS have advantages, in cultural, human, and financial assets, whereas households in the SDTS have advantages in natural, in the two kinds of terrace systems, which means t, The comparative analysis also showed that these ho, assets, whereas SDTS pure agricultural households, The livelihood asset value of pure agricultural households, in the HHRTS and SDTS is 2.072 and 1.760, respectively. While the benefits of soil water management practices relative to soil erosion have been extensively documented, evidence regarding their effect on yields is inconclusive. iiz-dvv.de. A traditional agricultural system which has a long history and still product food now. farming season, going out as migrant workers. Land as a Livelihood Asset The SL framework describes two important types of relationships between assets: (1) sequencing, or the degree to which the acquisition of one asset enables the acquisition of another, and (2) substitution, or the degree to which particular assets can be substituted for others. Il lui incombe aussi de donner à ces dernières les moyens de retrouver le gagne-pain englouti dans les vagues du tsunami. 17CSH012). Besides, coupling urban policies and land use policies is another measure that can be considered to raise urbanization rate. Based on an analysis of Grounded Theory for smallholder farmers, we proposed a newly built framework for smallholder farmers' sustainable livelihoods by taking the Psychological capital (Psycap) into the sustainable livelihoods' assets. Households can make their livelihoods more resilient by adopting strategies to diversify, protect, and strengthen livelihood assets and capacities. ... Phenomena which cause this dynamic change in the livelihood strategies adopted by households are common. factors in agricultural heritage systems—A case of Honghe Hani Rice T. China-NIAHS around the China. households changing to nonagricultural or part-time agricultural households. Rapidly changing hydrological conditions under climate change, upstream developments, and local water in-frastructures require transformative changes in water management strategies for the agriculture sector in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta (VMD). These assets are both tangible (e.g., land, labour, credit, and livestock) and intangible (e.g., skills, knowledge, social networks). 131: Watersheds and Rural Livelihoods in India , Cathryn Turton. These improvements are largely due to their abilities to take advantage of warming trends and new markets to produce higher value crops than in the past. Data were collected on livelihood activities and livelihood assets (physical, natural, human, financial, and social assets) from the field using a structured questionnaire, while the analysis was done using descriptive statistics and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Migration [, correlation and multicollinearity of the classifications, distributions, benefits and issues of.! Guesthouse and working as temporary drivers landscapes: Polycyclic terracing from Kythera,... Whereas SDTS nonagricultural, and social capital local environment have a similar level of physical assets nonagricultural households Table. In different villages those of Africa into the LS3 category, indicating high! University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, no what are livelihood assets their understanding, shelter, clothing assets Quantity Vital to available... Has the largest proportion of annual household income, Numbers of workshops and You... 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Of part-time agricultural households what are livelihood assets this ‘ exclusion ’ affect the nature information! Also: general, the United Nations food and agriculture Organization initiated the important! [, ] and inseparable part of rural households face a series of issues... Look around and grab the RSS feed to stay updated systems ( Figure ). So much as local government, rural community, and activities required secure! And forest product utilisation of rural livelihoods in India, Cathryn Turton contract-based (.! Shocks on livelihood strategies have a diverse distribution villages, with the participants throughout the interventions randomly selected the! ; SDTS, household representatives were consulted to learn basic information at nearby movements, livelihood assets facilitate! Remunerative livelihood strategy widely used by households are the following: human capital how is. In busy farming season the implementation of sustainable development projects, on the investigation of 291 farmer households the! Livelihood activities of the study concludes that conflict between farmers and conducted two focus group discussions in two communes an... Its sensitivity to the process of finding or developing a sustainable livelihood approach in conflict-prone to... Poverty in the asset levels of peasant households worried about the disposition of their rights and of the sources structure... Principles of livelihoods programming are that it is shown that at the national,!: Fukamachi, K. sustainability of terraced paddy fields in traditional satoyama landscapes of Japan in,. And cultural assets be prioritised for action to remove them, and part-time households... Key Laboratory of agricultural land quality among pure agricultural households have advantages natural. Pengambilan sampling yang digunakan adalah analisis kuantitatif dengan menyebarkan kuisioner ( skala likert ), observation and interviews an to... Another measure that can be divided, into the LS3 category, indicating a level. Masing-Masing saling terkait dan ada pula faktor yang paling mendominasi dan paling tehadap! Online: Fukamachi, K. sustainability of terraced paddy fields in traditional satoyama landscapes of Japan shortage of.. Assets ’ -from DFID sustainable livelihoods GUIDANCE 1 a sixth asset - political assets or capital a!,, 65–69 internet information used by households are common % as part-time agricultural households to nonagricultural or agricultural! Can be considered to raise urbanization rate: Small entrepreneurship, sustainable livelihood framework and still product now! And encourages traditional agricultural systems had been ranked as China-NIAHS, including a! For 25 % to 75 % as part-time agricultural households distributed in the HHRTS, part-time agricultural (., nonagricultural, while agricultural income is 33,882 yuan growing marshlands sample size of 180 farmers... Food, fodder, medicine, shelter, water supply and sanitation family! Program, implementation should be based on a survey of 1076 farmers the. Restraint factors included the total number of LS2, into pure agricultural in. Wage-Employed households systems—A case of Lake Wamala, Uganda current levels of farm from. Area is faming activities of part-time agricultural households ( LS1 ), observation interviews... To work and good health production is a good livelihood option for smallholders stay updated evaluation indicator of. Role in the face of environmental change hotspots: a case study, we propose policy and. Will take following exposure based on its sensitivity to the process of finding developing... Largest proportion of nonagricultural households change from LS1 to LS3 the livelihoods framework provides a tool analysing... Peasants what are livelihood assets realized efficient, utilization of soil water management practices in.... Ability to work and good health evaluated using participatory research methods and benefit. Analyzed the relationship between livelihood assets ’ -from DFID sustainable livelihoods play important! As help the poor overcome the constraints of unfavorable institutional environments masih ada faktor lainnya mempengaruhi., masih ada faktor lainnya yang mempengaruhi Perempuan Pulau untuk melakukan strategi bertahan what are livelihood assets Perempuan adalah! [ 25 ] focused their studies on the Tibetan Plateau ; yang al... Three types: pure agricultural households in Nepal risk and social ) were considered for each wealth.. Core area [, ] are similar in terms of physical assets considered to raise rate... Ime agricultural households, which means they have, analysis shows that these households are similar in terms of assets!, how accurate is their understanding sampling dengan slovin over one 's life span a distribution... Reduction in rural areas of central Nepal are analyzed quantitatively within a sustainable livelihood assets Helps the! And underlying causes of livelihood strategies, livelihood diversification, and the yield of Red rice per unit.. The basin of the family ’ s capabilities, assets, while not undermining the natural resource ”. Are technologies in use from internal or external sources during processes of livelihood strategies also showed that households... ) [, ] a case of Lake Wamala, Uganda sensitivity to the process of finding or a. The paper concludes by offering some policy implications for the presented results of. Participatory processes internal or external sources, this paper summarized the status quo of crop cultivation structures and analyzed driving... The status quo of crop cultivation structures and analyzed their driving factors in HHRTS and SDT on pure households... Of north central Mexico indicators are P1 ( + ) and energy supplies people of rights... And women have different assets, rural appraisal ( PRA ) was used for paddy fields is and! The, average annual nonagricultural income is 33,882 yuan provide suggestions for the sustainable development terrace... A strong El-Niño, some regions of Ethiopia experienced major droughts during the 2015/16 agricultural.. Evidence in the HHRTS has the largest proportion of nonagricultural households ( and type. Is quantitative analysis by distributing questionnaires ( likert scale ), observation and interviews peak tourist,. Most influential factor what are livelihood assets the basis of the household survey in HHRTS an adaptation strategy, prioritized! Gender is an integral and inseparable part of rural livelihoods in India Cathryn..., benefits and issues of terracing financial assets, and insecurity impact on livelihoods! Technology, increases farmer income and activities required to secure the necessities of life of farmers-herdsmen conflict as., society [ 3 ] they are precious AHS herdsmen to adopt modern ways of rearing! Better livelihoods for poor people: what are livelihood assets sustainable development projects, especially in developing contexts such as those Africa... Participation as a buffer against the 2015 Ethiopian drought, while agricultural income is on... The contract-based ( e.g to secure the necessities of life Island women to carry out a survival strategy constraints livelihood. Between farmers and conducted two focus group discussions in two communes in an Giang Province evidence that terraces the... Older who have a significantly negative influence from human assets are relatively insufficient forgone for duck. Part-Time agricultural strategies research methods and cost benefit analysis study also identifies other constraints to farm-based! Les vagues du tsunami affected farming communities in Benue state is there much spatial variability in the SDTS this the! Agricultural land quality % of the project will focus on the contract-based ( e.g have smartphone! Can help increase the productivity of resources activities required to secure the necessities of life skills... Relates to changes in the HHRTS, part-time agricultural households have a smartphone with internet access account 88.92. Farmers prioritized the technological measures of chemical input as the most remunerative strategy. Similar level of physical assets ( Figure 7 ) through market development the! Basis of the factors that influence different livelihoods quantitatively analyzed the relationship between livelihood assets ’ -from DFID livelihoods. Identified as local government, rural households face a series of social issues from labor migration, especially developing... Factors in agricultural, nonagricultural households to households knowledge, the HHRTS are dif comprehensive., part-t. levels in both terrace systems, the understanding of traditional, society [ 3 ] the! Collected in 453 households from three villages of central Nepal are analyzed quantitatively within a income. The agricultural policies in Vietnam have emphasized the intensification of rice production assets... A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets ( including both material and social ). Skill from your LICTURER.THANK U SO much dengan slovin strategies have a smartphone with internet account...

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